Last Updated on February 28, 2021 by Shiv Nath Hari
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The first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was a man of simplicity, kind and unassuming nature. He was born on 3 December 1884. His father’s name was Mahadev Sahai and mother’s name was Kamleshwari Devi. Father was a scholar of Persian and Sanskrit languages and mother was a religious woman.
After his early traditional teaching in childhood, he moved to Chhapra and then to Patna. While studying there, he obtained a master’s degree in law as well as a doctorate specialty. Along with studying law, he joined the National Congress.
He was among the Indian leaders who played an important role as Congress President during the Indian independence movement.
Mahatma Gandhi had chosen him as his ally and also entrusted the responsibility of a new laboratory of Sadaqat Ashram on the lines of Sabarmati Ashram.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad, whether it was religion, Vedanta, literature or culture, education or history, politics, language, he used to express his views at every level. Due to his natural simplicity, he never distinguished the influence of his knowledge and splendor. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, who adopted his principle of ‘simple life, high thought’, always kept nectar in his speech.
After independence, Rajendra Prasad became the first President of the country on 26 January 1950 with India attaining the status of a republic nation. In the year 1957, he was re-elected President. In this way he was the only President of India, who had received the presidency twice in a row. He was also awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’, India’s best civilian award in 1962 for his political and social contributions.
He later retired from politics and spent the rest of his life in an ashram near Patna, where he breathed his last on 28 February 1963 due to illness.
The example of simplicity and the personality of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of the country has always impressed everyone. Dr. Prasad, who was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi, participated in the freedom movement of the country and participated in Champaran Satyagraha. He also had a special attachment with the city of Patna. That is why he spent his life here before and after becoming President. Even though Rajendra Babu is no more among us today, his memories are still preserved as historical heritage in every corner of the city. He completed the last journey of his life on 28 February 1963 at the Bihar Vidyapeeth campus.
Rajendra Babu died in Sadaqat Ashram.
Long time of life spent in Bihar Vidyapeeth
After completing law and higher education, Rajendra Babu came to Patna in the year 1916 and Sadaqat Ashram became his residence. Vijay Prakash, president of Bihar Vidyapeeth, says that most of the life of Rajendra Babu was spent in the tiled house of Bihar Vidyapeeth. Influenced by Dr. Rajendra Prasad Gandhi’s views, he became a follower and played his important responsibility in the freedom movements. Rajendra Babu stayed at Bihar Vidyapeeth from 1921 to 1946, then moved to Delhi after becoming President. Retired from the post of President, he came to Patna from Delhi on 14 May 1962 and then started living regularly in Sadaqat Ashram. He had neither anger nor sadness. He was truly independent. After his passing, the house in Vidyapeeth where he completed his life journey was given the shape of a museum. Where his memories are still alive.
Mahila Charkha Committee remains chairman
Rajendra Babu was not only concerned with the Bihar Vidyapeeth campus, but also with the Mahila Charkha Committee. The committee was founded by Prabhavati Devi, wife of Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan, inspired by Gandhiji. It was established on 27 June 1940 under the guidance of Babu Rajendra Prasad and Rajendra Babu continued to expand the committee with Chakha being the chairman of the committee for many years.
Rajendra Babu’s personality is inscribed on the memorial site
The tomb is built for Rajendra Babu at Bamboo Ghat. Where Rajendra Babu was cremated on 28 February 1963. When Deshratna Dr. Rajendra Babu died, no elder leader thought it appropriate to attend. Vijay Prakash says, the then Prime Minister of the country, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru also did not consider it appropriate to attend the funeral. Nehru went to Jaipur that day. No major leader of the country had come. Dr. Rajendra Babu’s personality is engraved in golden letters at the tomb. At the same time, there is a gallery in the Patna museum complex by the name of Rajendra Babu, where many memories related to his life have been saved. Tara Sinha, granddaughter of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, says that the first president of the country should not have received the honor. He did not even have his own house in Patna.